Only two structures sustained direct wind damage while several others were struck by downed trees. Tropical Cyclone 04B has strengthened and been renamed "Helen" as it slowly nears landfall in southeastern India. Bureau Home > Tropical Cyclones > Past Tropical Cyclones > Tropical Cyclone Helen. [8] Following the issuance of a cyclone warning in Darwin, local shelters were opened to the public. Time of This Image: 2014-03-30 18:00. Tropical cyclone HELLEN formed in the Mozambique channel northwest of Madagascar on March 28, 2014. Intensification continued up until landfall, by which time Helen had attained Category 2 status on the Australian tropical cyclone intensity scale. Hellen's eye came ashore in northwestern Madagascar on March 31 with winds predicted to be about 95 knots/109 mph/176 kph. [4] Residents in the Aboriginal community of Wadeye were strongly advised to take precautions for the storm. These rains caused the Victoria River to swell over its banks and flood nearby areas. Situated over land, the system initially embedded within a disorganised trough and to intensify as it slowly tracked eastward. HELLEN became a very powerful tropical cyclone with peak sustained winds of 130kts (about 150 mph) on March 30, 2014. [16] Two days after the storm, 500 homes remained without electricity and frustrated residents were further angered after discovering that the Power and Water agency was in control of tree removal and not emergency services. Although not an intense system, Helen is notable for being the first cyclone to produce gales in Darwin since Tropical Cyclone Gretel in April 1985. [12] These rains affected two additional major rivers in the area: the Adelaide and Katherine rivers. [nb 1][18] Due to the damage wrought by Helen, its name was retired following its usage. Winds in Darwin were enough to uproot or snap many trees. The Adelaide River at Adelaide River Township reached major flood level during the afternoon of Saturday 5 January. [5] By 6 January, warnings were issued for the western coast of the Cape York Peninsula between Karumba and Weipa as the remnants of Helen were forecast to regain storm intensity. Hellen rapidly intensified from a 60 kt (70 mph) tropical storm to a 130 kt (150 mph) Category-4 tropical cyclone in 18 hours (satellite-based)! [7] The George Brown Darwin Botanic Gardens and Territory Wildlife Park were also closed for the duration of the storm. Helen, the Philippines' 8th tropical cyclone for 2020, did not make landfall in any part of the country. NASA and the Japan Aerospace … In the days following the storm's passage, the Adelaide and Katherine rivers continued to rise, of which the former exceeded minor flood levels. Our city is the “pin mark” in the NW corner of the picture. In some cases, waves over topped sand dunes but no damage took place. According to local officials, flooding was the greatest concern from the storm rather than wind damage. [1] Once overland again, the remnants of Helen abruptly slowed and were last noted on 7 January in the same region. Winds peaked around 120 kilometers per hour (75 miles per hour) late on January 4. Tropical Cyclone Hellen over the Mozambique Channel, northwest of Madagascar, as captured by the AVHRR instrument onboard EUMETSAT's Metop-B satellite (06:10 UTC 30/03/14). A low that formed over the Top End and moved over the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf and intensified to cyclone intensity on 4 January and recurved towards the Northern Territory coast. Tropical Cyclone Hellen (Southwest Indian Ocean) radically intensified over the weekend and reached wind speeds of up to 232 km/h (144 mph) and wind gusts up to 278 km/h (172 mph). Steadily strengthening, the low attained gale-force winds near its centre during the morning of 4 January and was subsequently named Helen by the Bureau of Meteorology. In general, this event results in increased sea surface temperatures near Australia. Tropical Cyclone Helen was the first tropical cyclone to bring gale-force winds to Darwin, Australia since 1985. Schools and day cares within a 50 km (31 mi) radius of the city were closed on 4 January. Shortly thereafter, a strong westerly monsoon flow to the north caused Helen to turn eastward, back towards land. This largely contributed to the lack of storm surge damage to coastal areas. The storm struck in a fairly sparsely settled part of Australia: the only major city, Darwin, is 130 kilometers (80 miles) from Channel Point, where the Category 2 storm ultimately came ashore. Following this, a strong Madden–Julian oscillation phase took shape, leading to the development of Tropical Cyclone Melanie off the coast of Western Australia and an area of low pressure over the Top End by 28 December. Similarly, the Waterhouse River at the community of Beswick to the east of Katherine was at and near major flood level for most of Sunday and into Monday. 400 evacuated in Mayotte 170 homes destroyed in Madagascar 910 displaced When this Meteosat-10 Convection RGB image was acquired, Hellen had average wind speeds of 233 km/h (145 mph), equivalent to a Category 4 hurricane. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this image of Cyclone 04B (Helen) on November 21, 2013. Generally, stronger central pressures correspond to stronger winds in tropical cyclones (including hurricanes and typhoons). If a tropical cyclone causes at least 300 deaths and P1-B worth of damage to agriculture and infrastructure, the name of that tropical cyclone will be decommissioned or dropped from the list. HELEN's eye came ashore in northwestern Madagascar On March 31, 2014 with winds predicted to be about 95kts (~109 mph). Also, a name is scrapped from the list if it is associated with a prominent personality to avoid mockery. Tropical Cyclone Helen or 10S (for the tenth storm in the southern Indian Ocean) at 6:00 UTC (1:00 a.m. EST) on January 4, was located 120 miles west-southwest of Darwin, Australia, near 13.2 south latitude and 128.9 degrees east longitude. For more details see the TC Helen Report (pdf), This page was created at 22:25 on Friday 25 December 2020 (UTC), © Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2020, Bureau of Meteorology (ABN 92 637 533 532) | CRICOS Provider 02015K | Disclaimer | Privacy | Accessibility. The maximum recorded wind gust was 120 km/h at Charles Point Lighthouse, while Darwin experienced a maximum wind gust of … On 4 January, a car with three people was swept away by the river; two of the passengers managed to escape and swim to shore, but the third person remained trapped. Tides along the west coast of the Top End were neap on the evening that TC Helen made landfall, with tide levels remaining several metres below Highest Astronomical Tide level. [19][citation needed], Australian tropical cyclone intensity scale, Timeline of the 2007–08 Australian region cyclone season, "Tropical Cyclone Helen Tropical Cyclone Report", "Tropical Cyclone 09S (Helen) Best Track", "Cyclone Helen upgraded, shelters open in Darwin", "Bureau predicts cyclone to hit Cape York", "Energy Resources Stops Uranium Mining Due to Cyclone (Update2)", "2008 Daily Rainfall Summary for Stokes Hill, Northern Territory", "Power and Water take strong stance over tree-clearing", "Power restored to Darwin homes after cyclone", Retired Australian region tropical cyclone names, Category 2 Australian region tropical cyclones, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyclone_Helen_(2008)&oldid=963641544, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 June 2020, at 23:22. [1] In the harbour, seven vessels washed ashore, each sustaining minor damage. [1] Between 1 and 6 January, a total of 174.6 mm (6.87 in) of rain fell in Darwin. [2], Starting in late December, widespread rains produced by the precursor to Helen prompted the issuance of flood warnings throughout the Top End region. Helen was the eighth tropical cyclone of the 1973/74 season to develop in the Western Australian Region; and it was the fifth to have some direct effect on the Australian continent. On Nov. 20 at 1200 UTC/7 a.m. EST, Tropical Cyclone Helen … Tropical Cyclone Hellen formed in the Mozambique Channel northwest of Madagascar on March 28, 2014. Tropical Cyclone Hellen (21S) is currently approaching the coast of Mozambique as a Tropical Disturbance, having affected both the Indian Ocean island of Mayotte and the northwestern parts of Madagascar. The storm, which hit Fiji on Thursday with heavy rain and strong winds, is now heading for the Pacific island of Tonga. On 30 March, Hellen was a severe tropical cyclone situated over the Mozambique Channel, northwest of Antananarivo, Madagascar. [2], Around 10:00 pm local time on 4 January, the centre of Tropical Cyclone Helen made landfall near Channel Point. By 30 December, it separated itself from the trough and travelled towards the west. [1], By 2 January, the weak low moved over the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf where it slowly developed over the following day. SH212014 - Tropical Cyclone (>=96 kt) HELLEN. Latest from this section Powerlines also came down when trees fell across them. Widespread 100-200 mm rainfall totals over the weekend of 4-6 January caused some rivers across the western Top End to rise. Tropical Cyclone Hellen formed in the northwest Indian Ocean between Mozambique and Madagascar on 03/28/14. HELEN's eye came ashore in northwestern Madagascar On March 31, 2014 with winds predicted to be about 95kts (~109 mph). Damage was more widespread in Darwin where roughly 15,000 homes, 60% of the city's residences, were left without power. Le cyclone tropical intense HELLEN s'apprête à passer au plus près de la région nord-ouest de Madagascar. The cyclone was weakening as it moved northwest and was expected to make landfall in the state of Andhra Pradesh as a tropical storm or category 1 cyclone overnight on November 21–22. The maximum recorded wind gust was 120 km/h at Charles Point Lighthouse, while Darwin experienced a maximum wind gust of 102 km/h at about 2am CST 5 January. The fourth named storm of the 2007–08 Australian region cyclone season, Helen developed out of a weak area of low pressure in late December over the Top End region of Australia. Roughly 12 hours after landfall, Helen weakened to a tropical low before moving over the Gulf of Carpentaria late on 5 January. Helen Willetts has the details. 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